If you've ever used a traction pad on your dog, you may be wondering, "How far back should the pad be?" Fortunately, there are a number of guidelines that can help you make an informed decision. Among them: Distance from the leash plug, width of the ramped area, and material of the traction pad.
The distance from leash plug to your board depends on the type of leash you use and your riding style. If you ride with a regular stance, place the plug about eight inches from the top-left corner. If you ride with a goofy foot, place the plug near the bottom-left corner of your board. Whatever the case, make sure to choose the right length and placement.
When choosing the correct distance from the leash plug, remember that the string will stretch when it gets wet and under tension. This means that you should choose a shorter distance than you originally thought. You should also make sure the distance is not too far from the center fin box, especially on swallow-tail boards.
The width of a ramped area is important to consider when designing a ramp. The slope of a ramp can range from 1:10 (ten percent) to 1:8 (eight percent), and a ramp between a street and an elevated sidewalk may have a steeper slope. Regardless of slope, the width of the ramped area must be at least 48 inches (1219mm).
Handrails for ramps should extend at least 12 inches beyond the ramp segment. They should also be parallel to the floor or ground surface. The handrails must be continuous and have rounded ends and return smoothly to the floor or post. The surfaces of the handrails and the ramped area must meet the requirements of 405.7 and the ADA.
The slope of an interior ramp must not be greater than 10%. A slope of 8% is appropriate for short and medium distances. A slope of 5% or less is appropriate for elderly individuals. A slope of more than 10% is not recommended for ramps over six to nine meters. When designing a ramp, be sure to consult local building codes.
Ramp width is important for a number of reasons. Ideally, a ramp should be at least 36" wide and at least 30" tall. However, the width may be determined by the applicable life safety codes. The width of a ramp should be wide enough for two wheelchairs to pass.
Traction pads are made of a variety of materials. Some are injection-molded and others are made of gel textures. Either type is used to provide traction and cushioning on wet surfaces. The materials used in traction pads can range in durometer from 10A to 60A, and the edges are beveled to reduce irritation to the skin.
One type of traction pad includes a bottom surface that has a lip around the perimeter. The material used to make this type of pad is generally made of thermoplastic elastomer. It may be transparent or translucent, or it can have a tinted appearance. The thickness of the traction pad varies from 1/8 inch to half inch.
Injection molding allows for the use of thermoplastic elastomers in traction pads. TPE material is typically translucent or tinted, but it can also be a solid color. TPE material also offers excellent grip surfaces because it is impervious to water. The molded surface patterns also provide good gripping power.
Another type of traction pad is one that has side bars. These side bars provide arch support and bracing for a board rider. The side bars may extend from one-half to two-thirds of the length of the pad. They may also be one-half to two inches high above the surface of the traction pad.